Certain types of products and packaging materials are subjected to a variety of quality control assurance and tests. Before products are introduced in the market, they have to pass a set of industry standards and regulations established for specific product categories. These tests are highly important in the manufacturing industry since it provides a means to safeguard and guarantee consumer safety and protection.

What is Abrasive Testing?

As a quality assurance and control method, abrasive resistance tests are often done in solid materials. Some of the materials that can be tested include fabrics, printed labels, plastics, rubber, and metals. This methodology involves placing a sample of the material in a specialized equipment. The equipment can be regulated to conform to product testing limits.

To ensure the abrasive rates follow acceptable levels, the equipment is often integrated with calibration technology. This allows testers to pre-program movement and frequency depending on their ideal parameters. Depending on the type of material, rub testing involves different types of approaches such as dry or wet rub.

At the start of the procedure, a test specimen is often cut out and slightly cleaned to remove dust or any leftover material. Once suitable for testing, the specimen is placed in the equipment. In some cases, an abrasion resistant coating may be placed in the material. For a wet testing procedure, water or any type of liquid may be placed in the specimen to determine its smear level.

Product Testing Methods

The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) establishes standard practices for abrasive testing. Another industry body involved in procedure standards is the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Testing equipment, tools, and processes adopted by manufacturers must conform to the regulations institutionalized by these industry groups.

An example of these methodologies is the Sutherland rub tester which is focused on measuring resistance and damage in product packaging. Through the process, labeling in pharmaceuticals and other related products undergo testing. These procedures are geared toward determining the label’s capacity to withstand moisture, scuffing, abrasion, exposure to certain types of chemicals, among others. It is important to maintain a high level of quality for packaging labels since this contains vital information for consumers.

Importance of Abrasive Tests

Abrasive test results help manufacturers upgrade their product quality if needed. It also gives them an idea of how the product reacts to various conditions. Manufacturers get to see the wear and tear levels as well as time frame, whether the product is built to last or not. This helps them address these issues and develop a better product for the consumers.

Different types of materials have their own ASTM or ISO guidelines for testing.
With federal consumer regulations as a guide, product manufacturers know what testing standards should be followed for certain types of products. By subjecting products through these types of tests, consumers are assured that the products that they purchase are placed under strict quality control. It also reinforces the need for manufacturers to comply with institutionalized industry standards.